- Now let’s talk about some developments and changes that happen during weeks 19 and 20 both in you and your baby.
- By now, your baby’s milk teeth have formed within its gums. Not only this, but the blueprint of its adult teeth has also begun to form underneath the milk teeth. Although we think that teeth form after birth, this is not the case, and in reality baby’s teeth begin to form when still within the womb.
- Your baby can now look around. However it has not still opened its eyes.
- We hope you have not forgotten to take your calcium supplements, and to include calcium rich foods in your diet. Calcium is essential during this time for the healthy development of your baby’s teeth and bones.
- A lot of rapid developments are taking place during these weeks in your baby.We told you your baby was living in a small sack of water. Now, to protect its delicate skin from the water, a wax-like substance begins to develop over its skin.
- At this point, your baby is around 250-300 grams heavy. Its sensory organs have now begun to develop. It can now not only hear, but also smell and taste things.
- Your baby is showing signs of breathing. However its lungs are not yet fully developed. They need to grow more until they are developed enough for your baby to breathe air after birth.
- At 20 weeks, you are in your fifth month of pregnancy. Now your womb is approximately 2 cm below your naval. After this point every week your womb will expand by approximately 1 cm.
- At the same time, other important changes are happening inside your body. After your baby is born, the most important source of nutrition available to it is mother’s milk. Now your body and breasts are preparing to produce milk.
- The invaluable and nutrition-rich first milk that is secreted after birth, also referred to as Colostrum, has begun to be produced inside your breasts. The Areola (the dark area around your nipple) begins to enlargen gradually. These are all signs your breasts are preparing to nourish your baby with milk after birth.Around one year after the birth of your baby, the areola will usually return to its normal size.
- During this time, due to hormonal changes, you may notice not only physical changes, but also emotional changes as well. For example you may become more irritable or forgetful than usual, and may also find it harder to concentrate and perform one task for long periods of time. This is quite normal. It’s important that your partner and immediate family understand that these changes are normal due to your pregnancy related hormonal changes. Discuss this with them and let them know that you need their support and understanding as you go through these changes during pregnancy.
- Congratulations! You’ve now completed the first half of your pregnancy. You and your partner should be very happy to pass this milestone.
- Now your weight will begin to increase noticeably. It’s important that you continue to maintain an active life style and get enough exercise. Walking is especially helpful. Exercise will help strengthen the pelvic muscles for delivery and help your body become stronger in preparation for the birth. However take care not to exert yourself. Find out more about appropriate exercises at this link. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WmRMDVxT9Y
- At this point, your baby should weigh around one pound. It is becoming increasingly sensitive to its environment. It is even able to sense the levels of light and sound around when you go to bed, and decide what time it should go to sleep and what time it should wake up. Its movements will be determined by these sleep patterns. It’s as if it has its own little clock inside your womb which it uses to determine when it should stay awake and when it should go to sleep.
- There is another important point to remember. We all hope to have children who are intelligent and mentally well developed. During these few weeks, your baby’s brain will rapidly develop. So, remember to continue taking your calcium and iron supplements, and ensure you maintain a healthy balanced diet. If you do so, you don’t need to spend extra to buy other special supplements and specially enriched milk varieties to help your baby’s brain develop.